CERF – Framework

Reference for Languages

All DAS Akademie courses and completion certificates are in line with the Common European Framework of Reference. Thus we can clearly and uniformly define your language skills in German, English, Turkish and Spanish accross Europe. In our language courses we teach all levels from A1 – C2.

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe. Its main aim is to provide a method of assessing and teaching which applies to all languages in Europe. The six reference levels are becoming widely accepted as the European standard for grading an individual’s language proficiency.

The levels are as follows:


Familiar everyday expressions.

Can introduce him/herself and others.

Can ask and answer questions about personal details (where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has).


Sentences and frequently used expressions about him/her and family information, shopping, local geography, employment.

Can communicate in simple and routine tasks on familiar and routine matters.

Can describe aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and immediate needs.


Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc.

Can deal with most situations whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken.

Can produce simple connected text about familiar or personal interest.

Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions.

Briefly reasons and explanations for opinions and plans.


Can understand the main ideas of complex text on concrete and abstract topics (technical discussions).

Can interact with fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers .

Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects.

Can explain a viewpoint giving the advantages and disadvantages.


Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.

Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously.

Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.

Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects.


Can understand virtually everything heard or read.

Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources.

Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning in complex situations.